Best Supplements To Prevent Colic In Horses – Equine colic is a term used to describe any type of colic, rather than a single disease. It can affect horses of all ages and breeds. Colic can range from a mild discomfort that resolves on its own, to something more serious requiring medical attention, to a serious gastrointestinal crisis requiring emergency colic surgery in the worst case scenario. Hundreds of horses die from colic every year, including several top racing and racehorses.
In most cases, colic can be treated medically, but 5-10% require surgery. In the early stages, it is difficult to know which cases belong to which categories because the clinical signs are very similar. Therefore, it is very important to contact your veterinarian immediately for professional advice and to determine whether the problem is medical or surgical as soon as possible. The goal is to start appropriate treatment as soon as possible.
Best Supplements To Prevent Colic In Horses
Colic requiring surgery has a much higher chance of success if the operation is performed quickly.
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The symptoms of colic vary from case to case, but research shows that horses with colic:
44% Rolling 43% Legs continuously or intermittently 29% Prolonged lying down 21% Standing 14% Repetitive sideways glances 13% Arched upper lip 10% Posterior angle 7% Abdominal palpitations 4% Standing and stretching as if urinating 1% Incontinence in 24 hours more than
What signs indicate severe abdominal pain, increased heart rate, abnormal pigmentation of the membranes of the eyes and mouth, and the absence of bowel sounds in at least one of the four quadrants of the abdomen listened to by a veterinarian with a stethoscope, two large horse practices in Derbyshire and Kent Over 940 cases of colic in these four years carefully analysis was found to be the most important. A rectal exam will show that things like temperature, behavior, and sweating all come into the picture, but if your heart rate, membranes, and bowel sounds are normal, you’re much less likely to have colic.
There are many types of colic that horses can suffer from. The list below is not exhaustive, but includes some of the most common examples.
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Abdominal pain: This occurs when the delicate peristaltic pattern is disturbed, causing irregular bowel movements and usually manifests as periods of sharp pain with quiet episodes. This is also known as gas colic due to the accumulation of gas in the horse’s intestines due to excessive fermentation in the intestines or reduced gas permeability.
This can be due to changes in diet, lack of fiber or parasites, or other abnormal variables such as stress, anxiety, transportation, or unusually vigorous exercise. Clinical symptoms are usually mild and respond well to analgesics and antispasmodics. Food is usually withheld for several hours and gradually reintroduced. The prognosis is good.
Affected colic: Horses raised on grass in their natural environment graze most of the time, allowing food to pass through the gut on a regular basis. Horses working in stables are not regularly drip-fed, adjusting their diet. Changes in management increase risk, such as when hunters move to grass after summer. This is especially true if they end up in beds that can later be eaten as hay. Some of these horses develop intestinal obstruction, often in the pelvic folds, where the colon becomes U-shaped. That is, the contents of the intestine should turn 180 degrees. Most infections respond well to medical treatment in the form of pain relievers, fluids, and laxatives, especially if treated early, but some cases require surgery. The prognosis is good if the underlying cause of the attack is not, for example, hay fever.
Sand colic: This colic is more common in horses raised on sandy pastures, especially when pasture is limited. Horses swallow sand (and feces) that accumulates in their intestines. It can irritate the intestinal lining or cause diarrhea. Heavy, coarse sand or feces can inflame the intestinal wall and in severe cases lead to peritonitis. Surgery may be necessary to remove affected sands, but most respond to aggressive medical treatment.
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Torsions or Crooked Sections of the Intestine: Various parts of the horse’s digestive tract have the ability to twist on their own, trapping parts of the intestine and cutting off blood supply to those parts. This can cause bacteria and toxins to leak into parts of the intestine that do not have a blood supply, causing fatal toxic shock and potentially rupture of the intestine. Colic is very painful for horses and requires emergency surgery to correct it. Otherwise, it can be fatal.
Tumors and previous barrier damage caused by intestinal parasites can also cause stomach pain.
If you suspect your horse has colic, contact your veterinarian immediately. While waiting for the arrival of the veterinarian, the horse should not eat or drink water.
If your horse is showing relatively mild signs of discomfort, you can gently walk by hand for 10 minutes until the vet arrives, which will encourage natural bowel movements. Do not run the horse further as it will tire the horse.
Horse Owners Beware
If the horse is about to lie down or roll over, the handler should not try to stop it. Contrary to popular belief, a curved sheet may make a horse want to roll over, but when it is rolling, the stomach is not curved. Above all, be careful when handling horses with colic. After removing objects such as buckets that could cause injury during rolling, it is best to place the horse in a stable with a deep bed or lead it to a soft surface with harness attached. head ring. Workers should wear hard hats and gloves.
A veterinarian should perform a thorough physical examination, taking into account the indicated clinical signs. If the horse is violent, sedation may be necessary to perform the appropriate tests, often including an examination of the inner back or rectum. A peritoneal fluid sample is often collected because it can provide useful additional information. Abdominal ultrasound is also an important adjunctive method for evaluating colic. The veterinarian will also consider whether there have been any recent changes in the horse’s history and grooming.
Because there are many causes and types of colic, the treatment your veterinarian prescribes will depend on the horse’s clinical signs and the severity of the pain and response to pain medication.
If the horse does not respond to treatment at home, consideration should be given to whether it is appropriate and safe to transport the horse to an equine hospital as soon as possible. If referral is not possible and the horse does not respond to further treatment, euthanasia may be necessary.
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For horse owners and veterinarians, the condition is not bad enough to warrant surgery or euthanasia, but still does not fit into a specific category because it shows repeated colic symptoms or does not respond well to pain relief. In such cases, further examination and hospitalization may be necessary.
Horses that have ever experienced convulsions or affected colic are unlikely to fully recover from treatment and should be returned to work gradually over several days to recover. Future routine care should avoid future attacks by considering a history of abdominal pain and avoiding common risk factors such as sudden changes in diet.
Horses that survive colic surgery (about 80%) face a months-long recovery period. If the first few days after surgery go well, you can go home within 5-7 days, otherwise you may need IV fluids and intensive care for several days, or even repeat surgery.
After discharge from the hospital, colic patients need a rest box to allow the abdominal incision to heal, followed by a controlled period of participation and a gradual increase in exercise. Most patients can gradually return to work within 4-6 months. Many horses that have undergone colic surgery have returned to full competitive work.
Prevent Sand Colic In Horses
Abdominal pain is definitely a condition where prevention is better than cure. Not all situations are possible