Best Time To Plant Trees In Alberta

Best Time To Plant Trees In Alberta – If you buy trees from a nursery, ask where they come from. many trees are not adapted to a harsher climate. Photo: file

“Ask where the stock is coming from, as many trees are not adapted to Alberta’s harsher climate,” said provincial agroforestry specialist Toso Bozic. “If you don’t have a tree that fits your needs, wait until next season and order ahead.”

Best Time To Plant Trees In Alberta

“Don’t leave seedlings in the car for too long on hot, windy days, because their roots will dry out quickly,” Bozic said. “Do not expose them to direct sunlight. Cover them or put them in a box. If you have to wait an hour or two, cover the seedlings with snow or ice or use a reflective tarp. Do not use cloth as it traps heat and warms the seedlings. Having an awning on the pickup also helps.”

Dwarf Alberta Spruce Feature Shrub In 3 Gallon (s) Pot In The Shrubs Department At Lowes.com

“Don’t wait too long because you can expose them to various diseases, mold, drying and many other problems. If you can’t plant them right away, keep them in a cool place (fridge or cold storage, root cellar or cooler corner of your shed) for a few days. Check the roots after a few days, if they are dry, spray/mist with water and cover again.

“Also, you can soak the seedlings in water just before planting, but don’t keep them in water for too long, because you can suffocate and destroy them from oxygen starvation. Poppy and willow cuttings can be soaked in water a day before planting.

The best time to plant trees or shrubs is early morning, late afternoon, or on a cloudy day.

To plant by hand, dig a hole big enough for the roots to be straight and plant at the same depth as in the nursery (look for bark discoloration near the roots to find the soil line).

Tree And Shrub Pruning

“Once you’ve properly planted the tree in the hole, put soil around it and tamp it down to make it stable,” Bozic said. “The easiest way to control is to carefully pull the trees. if they come off easily, you haven’t applied enough soil and pressure. Keep the seedlings as straight as possible.”

Prepare the ground before mechanical planting, take your time and have someone make sure the trees are planted correctly.

“Don’t water too quickly because the water will run off and nothing will reach the roots or create surface roots for trees that can die in a drought,” Bozic said. “The goal is to create trees and shrubs with deep roots that can withstand drought. Check soil moisture regularly by sticking a sharp object, such as a knife, into the soil. Do not water if there is soil on the blade. If the knife comes out dry, it can be watered.”

“Weed control is an ongoing process for the first few years after planting,” Bozic said. “It could require up to five years of supervision. In the early years, it is also important to check your trees once a week for possible insect, disease and animal damage.’

Best Soil For Dwarf Alberta Spruce

AGCanadaTV. In case you missed it – a roundup of your national agency’s news for the week to 16 September 2022.

Subscribe to local farm, ranch, crop and livestock news, industry information and policy, all in one convenient email delivered right to your inbox. Being YardSmart means choosing plants that not only grow well, but also thrive in a short growing season. , but they are also able to survive cold winter temperatures, dry winds and limited snow cover.

Trees and shrubs that need watering will need extra water for the first two years. Once they are established, you can slowly reduce the amount of water they receive. After all, rainfall will be sufficient in most seasons.

See our list of trees and shrubs in the YardSmart Trees & Shrubs brochure (Arabic, Hindi, Punjabi, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese). We also have additional information on which annuals and perennials grow well.

Suggestions For Yard Trees

Our local plants are always a wise choice. Most garden centers offer a selection of native plants and some specialize in native plants.

Amur Maple (Acer ginnala) – Native to northern Asia, this species is a fast-growing, multi-stemmed shrub or can grow as a small single-branched tree with lobed leaves that have lovely fall color and dipterous samara seeds. which are stored in the winter. Prefers sunny and slightly acidic, well-drained soils.

Brown Oak (Quercus macrocarpa) – A native of the eastern prairies, it grows into a large shade tree with distinctive shape and leaves and deeply lobed acorns. It has a branching root system with a deep tap root that does not compete with surrounding plants for moisture. Grows to 30 feet tall, 25 feet wide. Prefers sunny and dry to moist soil.

Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens) is a popular evergreen that requires a very large yard. A dense pyramidal tree grows 50-75 feet tall with a spread of 10-20 feet. Prefers the sun.

Best Shrubs And Trees For Containers

The Colorado spruce (Picea pungens “Fastigiata”) is an upright, narrow tree. Good for small yards and a good alternative to Swedish Aspen. Suitable for small yards.

Toba or Snowbird Hawthorn (Crategus x mordensis ‘Toba’ or ‘Snowbird’) – These hardy thornless hybrids were bred in Morden, Manitoba for the prairies. Spring pink or white rose flowers that defy spring storms with glossy thick leaves and curled gray flesh. Prefers well-drained areas with average soil conditions in sunny conditions.

Ivory Silk (Syringa reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’) – native of China, a small single or multi-tiered tree with attractive scaly reddish-brown bark, large creamy-white fragrant flowers. Like other members of the lilac family, it does best in full sun and adapts to a variety of well-drained, moderately fertile soil types.

Prunus (Prunus pennsylvanica) – Native to most of North America, it is often grown as a small tree with a single trunk, although it can also be a large shrub. Grown for bright red bark, white spring flowers and edible red ‘cherries’, best in full sun in well-drained soils.

Dwarf Alberta Spruce Spiral

Pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a fast-growing coniferous plant that ripens with orange peel. At first it is quite dense, but as it matures it becomes more open with horizontal branches. Adapts to all types of soil, prefers light sandy dry soils and sunlight.

The sensational mountain ash (Sorbus decora) is a small bushy tree with clusters of flowers, followed by red berries. Requires well-drained soil. Twenty feet high and fifteen wide. Full sun. Attracts birds like thrushes. Avoid its relative, Sorbus auduparic, which can be invasive.

The Siberian pine (Larix sibirica) is a large and fast-growing coniferous tree, aerial form. In autumn it drops needles to conserve moisture. Bright green growths appear in early spring. 60 feet high and 15 feet wide. Plant in part sun, moderate to dry soil and all soil types.

The Ussuri Pear (Pyrus ussuriensis) is a small fruit tree native to areas of northern Asia with oval glossy dark green leaves and strong thorns. This tree is slow to mature, so it may take several years for flowers and fruit to appear. Adapted to most soils in sunny conditions with sufficient fertility, it makes a fine specimen tree away from the tracks.

What The Old Tree Has Seen

Viburnum lantana is a very large, thick shrub that can be trained to a small tree, with attractive pinnate, gray-green wrinkled leaves that turn purple in autumn and white spring flowers with small fruit that attract birds. . Prefers sun to partial shade and adapts to all types of soil.

American Cranberry (Viburnum opulus vari. americanum) – This large native woody prairie shrub has showy white flowers in spring, edible red fruit and red color in fall. Adapted to all soils, it will require additional watering only if fruit is grown for consumption. It grows from 2 to 4 meters in height. Prefers partially sunny and sandy soils.

Berberis thundergii – “Pink sparkle”, “Emerald carousel” – these are compact bushes of bright color. They stand out as hedges or are planted separately. They thrive in warmth and sun and prefer well-drained soils.

Cherry Prinsepia (Prinsepia sinensis) – upright and spreading, it is one of the first shrubs to grow with small yellow flowers and red edible fruits. Being very spiny, it is useful as a hedge and also as an accent plant at the back of the bed. Adapts to sun and partial shade and any type of soil and attracts birds in autumn.

Alternative Christmas Trees

Physocarpus opulifolius is a vigorous plant with arching branches and thin golden-brown bark that grows in both sun and partial shade. It has deep fibrous roots and adapts to most soils. Many options are available.

Blue spruce (Picea pungens ‘Glauca Globosa’) is a dwarf blue spruce up to 1 meter tall, quite tolerant of various soil types. All firs have a shallow, spreading root system that competes with other plants for moisture. Prefers the sun.

Meyer’s Dwarf Lilac (Syringa meyerii ‘Palibin’) – thick, branchy

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